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Pt100, Pt1000 or NTC ? that is the right sensor?

Especially the machine-building industry often asks me which is the right measuring element for them. This is the reason why I wish to explain in this article the differences between your mostly used sensors Pt100, Pt1000 and NTC. I will go into more detail concerning the lesser-used measuring elements Ni1000 and KTY sensors in the comparison by the end of this article.
Application areas of Pt100, Pt1000 and NTC
Resistance thermometers based on Pt100, Pt1000 (positive temperature coefficient PTC) and NTC (negative temperature coefficient) are used all around the industrial temperature measurement where low to medium temperatures are measured. Along the way industry, Pt100 and Pt1000 sensors are employed almost exclusively. In machine building, however, often an NTC can be used ? not least for cost reasons. Since meanwhile the Pt100 and Pt1000 sensors are manufactured in thin-film technology, the platinum content could possibly be reduced to a minimum. As a result, the purchase price difference compared to the NTC could possibly be reduced to this extent that a changeover from NTC to Pt100 or Pt1000 becomes interesting for medium quantities. Particularly since platinum measuring resistors offer significant advantages over negative temperature coefficients.
Benefits and drawbacks of the various sensors
The platinum elements Pt100 and Pt1000 offer the benefit of meeting international standards (IEC 751 / DIN EN 60 751). Because of material- and production-specific criteria, a standardisation of semiconductor elements such as for example NTC isn’t possible. Because of this their interchange ability is bound. Further benefits of platinum elements are: better long-term stability and better behaviour over temperature cycles, a wider temperature range as well as a high measurement accuracy and linearity. High measurement accuracy and linearity are also possible with an NTC, but only in a very limited temperature range. While Pt100 and Pt1000 sensors in thin-film technology are suitable for temperatures around 500�C, the typical NTC can be used for temperatures around approx. 150�C.
Influence of the supply line on the measured value
The lead resistance affects the measurement value of 2-wire temperature sensors and should be taken into account. For copper cable with a cross-section of 0.22 mm2, the next guide value applies: 0.162 ?/m ? 0.42 �C/m for Pt100. Alternatively, a version with Pt1000 sensor could be chosen, with which the influence of the supply line (at 0.04 �C/m) is smaller by way of a factor of 10. The influence of the lead resistance compared to the base resistance R25 for an NTC measuring element is far less noticeable. Due to the sloping characteristic curve of the NTC, the influence at higher temperatures increases disproportionately in case of higher temperatures.
Conclusion
In the event of high quantities, the usage of NTC sensors is still justified because of cost reasons. For small to medim-sized lots, I recommend the use of a platinum measuring resistor. เพรสเชอร์เกจ of a Pt1000 stated in thin-film technology is really a perfect compromise between the costs on the one hand and the measurement accuracy on the other. In the following table, I have compiled the strengths and weaknesses of the different measuring elements in an overview for you:
Strengths and weaknesses of different sensors
NTC
Pt100
PT1000
Ni1000
KTY
Temperature range
?
++
++
+
?
Accuracy
?
++
++
+
?
Linearity
?
++
++
+
++
Long-term stability
+
++
++
++
+
International standards
?
++
++
+
?
Temperature sensitivity (dR/dT)
++
?
+
+
+
Influence of the supply line
++
?
+
+
+
Characteristic curves of Pt100, Pt1000, NTC, KTY and Ni1000
The characteristic curves of the various measuring elements is seen in the following overview:
Characteristic curves of the different sensors
Note
Our temperature sensors for the machine-building industry can be found with all common measuring elements. Further information are available on the WIKA website.
Discover more about the functionality of resistance thermometers with Pt100 and Pt1000 sensors in the following video: