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In the pharmaceutical, building materials and food industries, on vessels and silos, on platforms and dosing systems, right up to kitchen and bathroom scales ? weight is measured everywhere. In industry, it becomes particularly interesting when it comes to the particular level in vessels. There are numerous possibilities for weight measurement or weighing. The filling level could be determined optically, hydrostatically, by ultrasound, microwaves and radar, mechanically, capacitively, by heat dissipation, by displacement and resistance or, what this short article is about, gravimetrically.
The term gravimetric is composed of the Latin ?gravitas? for ?gravity? and the Greek ??? ??????? for ?measure?. In gravimetric measurement, therefore, the heaviness of the mass is combined with the weight force to form a meaningful value and thus the level depends upon weighing vessels (the filling level results from the density of the medium and the geometry of the vessel). This makes gravimetric level measurement part of weighing technology.
Gravimetric level measurement is particularly suitable when uneven distribution can occur within the vessels.
Gravimetric level measurement: Advantages
This type of weighing has several advantages. Possibly the greatest advantage is that the force transducers used for gravimetric level measurement can be found outside the vessel. Thus, they do not touch the product. Nor is it essential to open or modify the vessels. Contamination can thus be eliminated. Cleaning can be much easier. Furthermore, very precise measurement is possible ? 0.02 % of the rated load isn’t uncommon with regards to relative linearity error. This makes dosing possible when, for example, food is filled into bags ? not to mention the packaging must support the amount specified.
Another advantage is that the product will not influence the measurement. The level can be determined gravimetrically for all contents ? solids, liquids, viscous substances, foaming substances ? even toxic or aggressive contents can be considered. Furthermore, pressure gauge 10 bar isn’t falsified even though voids or uneven contents distribution occur in the silo or tank, because the entire contents are weighed.
Suitable mounting modules not merely make sure that the weight force is properly led in to the force transducers, they also make installation super easy. The module and force transducer have a minimal height and a little installation volume. However, it can be problematic if the vessels are already permanently installed and will only be placed on modules with a great deal of effort. Then it really is probably advisable to bolt strain transducers to the supports. Any risk of strain transducers determine the compression of the supports due to the weight of the contents. They thus be able to weigh immovable vessels gravimetrically.
Gravimetric level measurement: Disadvantages
The disadvantages of gravimetric level measurement vary in significance depending on application. Results are mainly distorted when force shunts cannot be prevented. Ideally, the vessel ought to be mechanically decoupled. In practice, however, it could always happen that, for example, struts are absolutely necessary. Then it depends on what great their supporting effect is. Similar problems may appear if the measurement is influenced by a high bearing weight. pressure gauge octa of the vessel when compared to product, the more accurate the gravimetric measurement. Finally, free-standing outdoor vessels could be suffering from natural factors. For instance, if wind pushes or snow results in a significant upsurge in weight.
Typical force transducers for the weighing of vessels
Single point load cells are classically used for scales. These not only have a minimal price and high accuracy, but the weight is also determined reliably, no matter where it is placed on the platform. For optimal force introduction, bending or shear beams with the corresponding weighing modules are often installed under tanks, silos or vessels that stand on supports. To determine the rated load of the force transducers, divide the full total weight of the vessel by the number of supports. If the rated load exceeds 10 t, it is possible to switch to compression force transducers, the maximum capacity which reaches around 300 t. With four supports, vessels of up to 1,200 t could be weighed with the highest accuracy. Alternatively, vessels could be suspended from S-type force transducers or fitted with strain transducers.
Note
Level could be measured in many various ways. Whether gravimetric as described, or with a submersible pressure sensor, float switch or pressure sensor ? WIKA gets the right sensor for each and every application. Would you like to buy the products? Inside our WIKA online-shop you will discover some of our standard designs. Should you have any questions, your contact will gladly assist you to.
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